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2.2.2 Passive Participle

Sabtu, 04 Mei 2013

2.2.2 Passive Participle

2.2.2 Passive Participle


Passive participle adalah kata kerja bentuk ke – 3. Apabila past participle di dahului oleh tobe maka timbullah pola passive form:
   To be + V3

contoh :
A table is made of wood
I was born in July, etc. 

Fungsi Utama Passive Participle: 
1. Untuk menggantikan anak kalimat pengganti kata sifat (relative clause) yang bersifat pasif.  

     Example:  

The window which was broken by Edi has not been repaired yet.

Kalimat diatas sama dengan
The window broken by Edy has not been repaired yet. 

The students who were chosen to attend the student conference in the United States should be able to speak English fluently
Kalimat diatas sama dengan:
The students chosen to attend the student conference in the United States should be able to speak English fluently 

2. Menyatakan sebab akibat 

    Example:
Because /since/as the city is surrounded by mountain, it has a cool climate.

Kalimat diatas sama dengan:
Surrounded by mountain, the city has a cool climate. 

Because /since/as he was annoyed by the five – hour delay in the plane departure, Budi wrote an angry letter to the air line. 
Kalimat diatas sama dengan:
Annoyed by the five hour delay in the plane departure, Lee wrote an angry letter to the air line.