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2.2. Participle - 2.2.1 Active Participle

Selasa, 23 April 2013

2.2. Participle - 2.2.1 Active Participle

2.2  Participle

2.2.1 Active Participle

active participle
Active participle merupakan kata kerja yang berujung – ing seperti having, pointing, walking dll. 
  • Apabila active participle didahului oleh "tobe" maka timbullah bentuk progressive. 
  • Apabila active participle (V ing) muncul di awal kalimat hendaknya diperhatikan dan diingant bahwa dalam betuk active participle tersebut sudah terkandung beberapa kata (arti).
Active participle kerap kali muncul setelah objek dari kata kerja: see, hear, smell, feel, watch, notice, listen to, look at, observe, keep, find, catch, Ieave, dimana berfungsi sebagai adjective atau adverb: 

[ V-ing ]



I felt the house shaking 
I saw the boat sinking 
He notice me leaving the house   

Perhatikan contoh berikut!  
  • Walking along the street, I met my old friend 
Dalam kata walking di atas terkandung kata while (sedang atau sementara)  Kalimat di atas dapat ditulis dengan kalimat lain:  

While I was walking along the street I met my old friend 

Perhatikan !
  •  Running down the stairs, she slipped and broke her leg 
 - Kalimat diatas sama artinya dengan:

While she was running down the stairs, she slipped and broke her leg

  • Having studied English at Express, Fini went home with her friends.  
 - Dalam kata"having" telah terkandung kata after (setelah). Kalimat diatas sama artinya dengan:  

After she had studied English at Express, Fini went home with her friends. 

  • Having completed the test, the students handed in their papers and left the room. 
 - Kalimat diatas sama artinya dengan:

After the student had completed the test, they handed in their papers and left the room. 

  • Having beaten by foreman, Hallyfield was black and blue.
After he had been beaten by Foreman, Holloyfield was black and blue 


Perhatikan contoh lain dibawah ini !!


1. Being ill, mother had her breakfast brought to her room.  

Kata being mengandung pengertian because, since atau as (karena)
Kalimat di atas sama dengan: 
Because/since/as my mother was ill, she had her breakfast brought to her room.  

2. Being an outstanding student of our school, he has been offered a scholarship. 
Kalimat di atas sama dengan: 
(Because/since/as) he is an outstanding student, he has been offered a scholarship. 

3. Being a foreigner, he needs a visa. 
Kalimat di atas sama dengan: 
Because/since/as he is a foreigner, he needs a visa.  


4. Trying hard to win the beauty contest, Nita neglected all her school assignments. 
Kalimat di atas sama dengan: 
Because/since/as Nita tried hard to win the beauty contest, Nita neglected all her school assignments  


5. Not wanting to take the risk of missing the train, we went to the station very early. 
Kalimat di atas sama dengan: 
Because/since/as we didn't want to take the risk of missing the train, we went to the station very early 


6. Turning to the left, you will find his office 
Active participle akan mempunyai arti if (jikalau) kalimat kedua dalam bentuk future
Kalimat diatas sama dengan :
If you turn the left, you will find his office


Dalam active participle, pelaku pada kalimat active participle adalah sama dengan pelaku pada kalimat ke dua. Active participle dapat menggantikan adjective clause (dalam pola relative pronoun)

I found the baby who is crying = I found the baby crying
The girl who is reading the magazine is my sister  = The girl reading the magazine is my sister